Stanisław Mackiewicz 1896-1966

Born in Saint Petersburg on the 18th of December, 1896. He studied at the universities of Kraków, Warsaw, and Vilnius, where he graduated from the Department of Law in 1924. He was the editor-in-chief of the local Conservative daily Słowo (1922-1939) and participated in the conference in Nieśwież (1926), where he organized a meeting of Józef Piłsudski with the representatives of the aristocracy. He held the Sejm seat for the second and third term (1928-1935) on behalf of the Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government (BBWR). In 1931-1935 he served as the secretary of the Constitutional Commission of the Polish Sejm. Following Marshal Piłsudski’s death he ran afoul of the Sanation regime, and was even shortly imprisoned in Bereza Kartuska in 1939. After the outbreak of the Second World War he went to England, where he became one of the most active opponents of Władysław Sikorski’s government. After the war he took part in the life of the Polish emigration in London for several years. Nominated by the President August Zaleski, he was the Prime Minister of Polish émigré government in London from June, 1954 to June, 1955. In June of the following year he returned to Poland, which provoked great controversies in the Polish emigration, and anti-Communist, circles. Later it turned out that the secret service of the Polish People’s Republic had been accessory in his return. In Poland, he entered into collaboration with the PAX Publishing Institute. He was among the signatories of the ‘Letter of the 34 and also published his articles – under a pen-name – in Kultura. He died in Warsaw on the 18th of February, 1966. His publications include Myśl w obcęgach (1930), Książka moich rozczarowań (1939), Polityka Becka (Colonel Beck and his Policy; 1964), Historia Polski od 11 listopada 1918 r. do 17 września 1939 r. (1941), Dostojewski (Dostoyevsky; 1947), Europa in flagranti (1956), and Londyniszcze (1957).


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